On November 14, the National Energy Administration released the transcript of the online press conference for the fourth quarter of 2022:
Liang Changxin, Director of the General Affairs Department and Press Spokesperson:
Today, the National Energy Administration held an online press conference for the fourth quarter, released the energy situation in the first three quarters of 2022, the grid-connected operation of renewable energy, interpreted the “Energy Carbon Peak Carbon Neutrality Standardization Improvement Action Plan”, and answered questions from reporters. Attending today’s press conference are Mr. Dong Wancheng, deputy director of the Development Planning Department of the National Energy Administration, Mr. Xu Jilin, deputy director of the Energy Conservation and Technology Equipment Department, Mr. Liu Tao, deputy director of the Coal Department, and Mr. Wang Dapeng, deputy director of the New Energy and Renewable Energy Department. , I am Liang Changxin, director of the General Affairs Department and spokesperson. Please introduce the relevant situation to the directors.
Introduce the relevant situation
●Dong Wancheng, deputy director of the Development and Planning Department:
Energy supply and demand are generally stable in the first three quarters of 2022
Since the beginning of this year, in the face of the complex and severe external environment and changes in the situation, the energy industry has thoroughly implemented the decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, properly responded to the impact of the epidemic and changes in the international energy market, and took various measures to ensure supply and price stability. The overall situation of energy supply and demand Stable and generally stable prices play an important role in economic recovery.
1. The policy of stabilizing growth continues to exert force, and energy consumption maintains a growth trend
With the effectiveness of the package of policy measures to stabilize the economy, the energy consumption will rebound rapidly. In the third quarter, the electricity consumption of the whole society increased by 6.1% year-on-year, an increase of 5.3 percentage points compared with the second quarter; the increase in demand for electricity and coal drove the rapid growth of coal consumption; the consumption of natural gas, gasoline and kerosene has not yet returned to the level of the same period last year, but the decline has been reduced Narrow; infrastructure investment continues to increase, and the recovery of freight logistics supports the steady growth of diesel consumption.
2. Efforts should be made to enhance supply capacity and flexibility, and energy supply and demand will remain generally stable
Give full play to the role of coal, coal and electricity as a bottom-line guarantee, continue to release advanced coal production capacity, and strengthen production scheduling in key coal-producing regions and enterprises. In the first three quarters, the average daily output of raw coal remained above 12 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 11.2%. Since September, coal storage in power plants nationwide has remained above 170 million tons. Fully promote the increase of oil and gas storage and production, urge supply companies and local governments to sign gas supply contracts in an all-round way, and promote gas storage facilities to “storage as much as possible”. In the first three quarters, the output of crude oil and natural gas increased by 3.0% and 5.4% year-on-year respectively. At present, the gas use contract in the heating season has been basically implemented, and the gas injection progress of the underground gas storage is well implemented.
3. Effectively stabilize energy prices and help curb inflation input
In the face of continuous high and volatile global energy prices, the energy industry conducts timely research and judgment and plans ahead of time to effectively respond to fluctuations in the energy market. Reduce the cost of natural gas procurement and rationally guide natural gas consumption. Central enterprises take advantage of the “resource pool”, and the proportion of stable price resources such as domestic gas, imported pipeline gas, and imported LNG long-term contracted gas has increased. The average price of pipeline gas supplied by major gas supply companies is mostly 2-3 yuan per cubic meter, and the price of some peak incremental gas sources is also controlled at 4-5 yuan per cubic meter, which is far lower than the international market price. Strengthen the supervision of medium and long-term contract performance of thermal coal to ensure that the medium and long-term transaction price of coal operates within a reasonable range.
4. Green and low-carbon transformation is steadily advancing, and energy production continues to reduce carbon and improve efficiency
In the first three quarters, about 94 million kilowatts of new non-fossil energy power generation installed capacity was added, accounting for 82% of the total new installed capacity. The first batch of large-scale wind power photovoltaic bases have all started construction, the second batch of projects is being started one after another, and the review of the third batch of projects is currently being accelerated. The cumulative installed capacity of pumped storage power stations reached 43.6 million kilowatts. Give full play to the role of policy development financial instruments, and accelerate the release of investment in energy projects. In the first eight months of this year, the investment in key projects in the national energy field was 1,229.5 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 16.7%, an increase of 0.8 percentage points from the growth rate in the first half of the year.
●Wang Dapeng, deputy director of the Department of New and Renewable Energy:
The development of renewable energy continues to improve in the first three quarters of 2022
1. The overall development of renewable energy
The National Energy Administration conscientiously implements the new strategy of “four revolutions and one cooperation” energy security, anchors the goal of carbon neutrality at peak carbon, implements the “14th Five-Year Plan” for renewable energy development, and accelerates the promotion of large-scale wind power photovoltaic bases, large-scale The construction of major projects such as hydropower stations and pumped storage power stations focuses on energy security supply and people’s livelihood protection, and strives to promote the high-quality leapfrog development of renewable energy.
The installed capacity of renewable energy has steadily expanded. In the first three quarters of 2022, my country’s newly installed renewable energy capacity was 90.36 million kilowatts, accounting for 78.8% of the country’s newly installed power generation capacity. Among them, 15.9 million kilowatts of hydropower, 19.24 million kilowatts of wind power, 52.6 million kilowatts of photovoltaic power generation, and 2.62 million kilowatts of biomass power generation accounted for 13.9%, 16.8%, 45.8% and 2.3% of the country’s newly installed capacity respectively. %. As of the end of September 2022, my country’s installed capacity of renewable energy power generation will reach 1.146 billion kilowatts. Among them, the installed capacity of hydropower is 406 million kilowatts (including 43 million kilowatts of pumped storage), the installed capacity of wind power is 348 million kilowatts, the installed capacity of photovoltaic power generation is 358 million kilowatts, and the installed capacity of biomass power generation is 40.6 million kilowatts.
Renewable energy power generation has grown steadily. In the first three quarters of 2022, the national renewable energy power generation capacity will reach 1.94 trillion kWh. Among them, hydropower above designated size was 950.7 billion kwh, a year-on-year increase of 5%; wind power was 544.1 billion kwh, a year-on-year increase of 15.9%; photovoltaic power generation was 328.6 billion kwh, a year-on-year increase of 32.2%; biomass power generation was 112.9 billion kwh, a year-on-year increase of 0.1% .
Renewable energy continues to maintain a high level of utilization. In the first three quarters of 2022, the water energy utilization rate of major river basins in the country is about 98.6%, an increase of 1.1 percentage points from the same period of the previous year; the national average utilization rate of wind power is 96.5%, a decrease of 0.5 percentage points from the same period of the previous year; %, an increase of 0.2 percentage points over the same period of the previous year.
2. Construction and operation of hydropower
In the first three quarters of 2022, the country’s new hydropower installed capacity will be 15.9 million kilowatts. As of the end of September 2022, the installed hydropower capacity will be 406 million kilowatts (including 43 million kilowatts of pumped storage).
The national hydropower generating capacity above designated size was 950.7 billion kwh, a year-on-year increase of 5%; the national average utilization hours of hydropower was 2,729 hours. The utilization rate of water energy in major river basins across the country was about 98.6%, a year-on-year increase of 1.1 percentage points.
3. Wind power construction and operation
In the first three quarters of 2022, the new grid-connected installed capacity of wind power across the country is 19.24 million kilowatts, of which the newly installed installed capacity of onshore wind power is 18 million kilowatts and the newly installed installed capacity of offshore wind power is 1.24 million kilowatts. From the perspective of the distribution of new installed capacity, the “Three North” region accounted for about 74.3%, and the central, eastern and southern regions accounted for about 25.7%. As of the end of September 2022, the cumulative installed capacity of wind power across the country is 348 million kilowatts, of which the cumulative installed capacity of onshore wind power is 320 million kilowatts and the cumulative installed capacity of offshore wind power is 27.26 million kilowatts.
The national wind power generation capacity was 544.1 billion kWh, a year-on-year increase of 15.9%; the utilization hours were 1621 hours, and among the regions with higher utilization hours, Fujian 2053 hours, Xinjiang 1920 hours, eastern Mongolia 1841 hours, and western Mongolia 1784 hours.
The national average utilization rate of wind power is 96.5%, and the utilization rate of wind power in Qinghai and Xinjiang has increased significantly year-on-year, reaching 93.1% and 94.7%, respectively, an increase of 4.3 and 2.2 percentage points year-on-year.
4. Construction and operation of photovoltaic power generation
In the first three quarters of 2022, the country’s newly installed photovoltaic capacity will be 52.6 million kilowatts, including 17.27 million kilowatts of photovoltaic power stations and 35.33 million kilowatts of distributed photovoltaics. As of the end of September 2022, the cumulative installed capacity of photovoltaic power generation will be 358 million kilowatts. From the perspective of new installed capacity layout, the regions with higher installed capacity are North China, East China and Central China, accounting for 30.0%, 25.0% and 19.1% of the country’s new installed capacity respectively.
The national photovoltaic power generation capacity was 328.6 billion kWh, a year-on-year increase of 32.2%; the utilization hours were 968 hours, an increase of 49 hours year-on-year; the regions with higher utilization hours were 1237 hours in Northeast China and 1056 hours in North China, among which the province with the highest utilization rate was Heilongjiang 1316 hours, Jilin 1263 hours. The utilization rate of photovoltaic power generation nationwide was 98.2%, an increase of 0.2 percentage points year-on-year.
5. Construction and operation of biomass power generation
In the first three quarters of 2022, the new installed capacity of biomass power generation was 2.62 million kilowatts, and the cumulative installed capacity reached 40.6 million kilowatts, and the biomass power generation capacity was 112.9 billion kwh. The top five provinces with cumulative installed capacity are Guangdong, Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Henan, respectively 4.16 million kilowatts, 4.11 million kilowatts, 2.96 million kilowatts, 2.84 million kilowatts and 2.55 million kilowatts; the top five provinces with new installed capacity Guangdong, Heilongjiang, Henan, Liaoning and Guangxi are 394,000 kilowatts, 286,000 kilowatts, 279,000 kilowatts, 233,000 kilowatts and 180,000 kilowatts respectively; the top five provinces in power generation are Guangdong, Shandong, Zhejiang, Jiangsu and Anhui, respectively 14.22 billion kwh, 11.54 billion kwh, 8.47 billion kwh, 8.40 billion kwh and 7.82 billion kwh.
●Xu Jilin, deputy director of the Energy Conservation and Technology Equipment Department:
Interpretation of “Energy Carbon Peak Carbon Neutral Standardization Improvement Action Plan”
Hello, friends from the media. The following briefly introduces the “Action Plan for Energy Carbon Peak Carbon Neutrality Standardization Improvement” (hereinafter referred to as the “Action Plan”) issued on September 20.
1. Background of the Action Plan
In order to thoroughly implement the major strategic decisions of the Party Central Committee and the State Council on carbon neutralization of carbon peaks and the important deployment of standardized development, and give full play to the technical support and leading role of standards in promoting energy green and low-carbon transformation, the National Energy Administration has formulated the “Energy Carbon Peak Carbon Neutralization Standardization Improvement Action Plan (hereinafter referred to as the “Action Plan”). The “Action Plan” closely combines the main tasks of promoting carbon peaking and carbon neutrality in the energy field, and adheres to demand orientation in response to problems such as insufficient supply of standards in the field of energy green and low-carbon transformation, imperfect standard system, insufficient coordination between standardization and technological innovation, and industrial development. , System layout, strengthen demonstration leadership, collaborative linkage, focus on promoting standardization in related fields such as energy green and low-carbon transformation, technological innovation, energy efficiency improvement, and industrial chain carbon emission reduction.
2. Main Contents of the Action Plan
The “Action Plan” mainly includes six aspects.
The first is to vigorously promote the standardization of non-fossil energy. Accelerate the improvement of standards for wind power, photovoltaics, hydropower, comprehensive utilization of various renewable energies, and nuclear power standards, organize the improvement of wind power and photovoltaic standard systems, the demonstration of standards for the development and utilization of water, wind and wind integrated energy, the improvement and demonstration of special standards for pumped storage, and the advanced three-generation PWR nuclear power standard application implementation actions.
The second is to strengthen the construction of the new power system standard system. Improve the relevant standards for the safe and stable operation of the new power system, further optimize and improve the relevant standards in the field of power transmission, transformation and distribution, accelerate the development of supporting standards for the transformation and upgrading of power supply structures, promote the research and formulation of standards in the field of power demand side and power substitution, and promote the construction of the power market standard system. Organize and carry out special research and demonstration actions on the new power system standard system.
The third is to accelerate the improvement of new energy storage technology standards. According to the development needs of grid-connected configuration of new energy power generation and integration of source, grid, load and storage, improve the new energy storage standard management system and technical standard system, and promote the coordinated development of various energy storage technology research and development, demonstration and standard formulation. Organize the construction of a new energy storage standard system.
The fourth is to accelerate the improvement of hydrogen energy technology standards. Improve the top-level design of hydrogen energy standards and the construction of the standard system, and increase the effective supply of standards around the fields of renewable energy hydrogen production, electricity-hydrogen coupling, fuel cells and systems. Organize and carry out actions to improve green hydrogen standards throughout the industry chain.
The fifth is to further improve energy efficiency related standards in the energy field. Organize and promote the formulation and revision of standards related to the green and efficient production, conversion and utilization of coal, oil and natural gas, further improve the level of comprehensive utilization standards for coal and oil and gas related resources, improve and enhance energy efficiency standards for power transmission, and accelerate the construction of comprehensive energy service standard systems and basic standards develop. Organize special actions to improve energy efficiency standards for coal power, coal deep processing, and petroleum refining.
The sixth is to improve and improve the carbon emission reduction standards of the energy industry chain. Accelerate the establishment of standard systems in the fields of carbon emission reduction in the energy field, carbon dioxide capture, utilization and storage (CCUS), digitalization of the energy industry chain, and carbon footprint of energy equipment, and organize the improvement of standard systems and pilot demonstrations in related fields.
Through the organization and implementation of the “Action Plan”, it is expected that by 2025, the energy standardization organization system will be further improved, the energy industry standard will change from the quantitative scale type to the quality and efficiency type, the energy standard will interact well with technological innovation and industrial development, and a relatively complete system will be initially established. The standard system effectively supports energy green and low-carbon transformation, energy conservation and carbon reduction, technological innovation, and carbon emission reduction in the industrial chain.
In the next step, the National Energy Administration will work with relevant departments to thoroughly study and implement the spirit of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, promote the improvement of the relevant standard system for energy carbon peaking and carbon neutralization, speed up the formulation and revision of standards in urgently needed areas, and promote the coordination of standards and technological innovation and industrial development Linkage provides support for the planning and construction of a new energy system and the realization of energy carbon peak carbon neutrality.